"Agnosticism" Article Items

The Divided Church

Posted on September 20, 2021 by

Categories: Philosophical


There is no doubt that Christianity consists of a divided church.  There are now more than 45,000 denominations throughout the world.  Many of these denominations disagree vehemently, while many seem very intolerant of others’ beliefs. These differences in beliefs, church governance, Scripture interpretation, and other matters might seem casual to the outside observer but can be of fundamental importance to churchgoers. This division has not escaped the attention of atheists.  For example, the late prominent atheist Christopher Hitchens aggressively promulgated the belief that “religion spills everything.”  He also noted, Four hundred years and more people in my own country of… Read More »

Atheism and the Meaning of Life

clock to measure time

Posted on June 28, 2021 by

Categories: Philosophical

Tags: ,

What is the meaning of life to an atheist?  Richard Dawkins chimed in on this topic when he opined as to whether life has any meaning at all.  In his book, The God Delusion, he noted, If the universe were just electrons and selfish genes, meaningless tragedies … are exactly what we should expect, along with equally meaningless good fortune.  Such a universe we observe has precisely the properties we should expect if there is, at bottom, no design, no purpose, no evil and no good. Possibly the most well-known paleontologist in the world Stephen Jay Gould of Harvard University opined,… Read More »

Christianity and Education

Children in conservative Protestant familiar have increased academic achievement compared to their secular counterparts in government schools.

Posted on May 22, 2021 by

Categories: Christianity Changed the World


Christianity and education have been closely allied since the very beginning.  Christians understand that the world is knowable, that there is math behind much of the complicated machinery of the universe.  Furthermore, Christians believe we are meant to discover and explore our environment and figure out how to make the world a better place. Because of the recognition that the world is knowable, Christians have been at the forefront of science and education since its founding.  The modern school system with mandatory attendance, graded structure, and university system are all innovations that changed the world.  These innovations are largely responsible… Read More »

Albert Camus

Albert Camus was a very influential French author who converted to Christianity at the end of his life.

Posted on May 13, 2021 by

Categories: Philosophical

Tags: ,

Albert Camus and Religious Belief Albert Camus was a French philosopher who was prominent during the 1950s.  He won the Nobel Price in Literature at the age of 44 in 1957 as one of the youngest ever to achieve this milestone.  Many f these works were required reading in college philosophy courses including The Stranger, The Plague, The Myth of Sisyphus, The Fall, and The Rebel. The Stranger was considered by the French newspaper Le Monde as one of the 100 Books of the Century, ranking as number one.  There is a reason why this prestigious paper listed a work from… Read More »

Finding the Truth

To know whether something represents truth, it needs to be read and studied.

Posted on April 9, 2021 by

Categories: Philosophical

Tags: , ,

Finding the truth is one of the most important tasks people must perform during their lifetime. Frequently, this quest is accomplished early in life, with the rest of life-based upon that discovery.  These are the fortunate few who have seriously investigated the evidence and arrived at a conclusion upon which they can base their actions. Finding the truth implies there are falsehoods.  Believing in falsehoods will more likely get the believer into trouble than finding the truth.  Falsehoods often lead off into tangents, years spent climbing the ladder of success (however it might be defined) only to find at the… Read More »

Willful Blindness

RNA and DNA are very similar in structure although they perform different functions in the cell.

Willful Blindness Preconceived notions can prevent otherwise intelligent and discerning people from observing the obvious. The editor of an obscure journal Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington decided to publish a paper making the case for intelligent design.  Intelligent design is a controversial theory that suggests that life is too complex to have been self-assembled by accident.  Instead – as with all extremely complex machines that perform a function – it was put together by an intelligent designer. The Smithsonian Institute helps to fund and run this journal, and within hours voiced its intense displeasure that any favor would… Read More »

Prayer in Public Schools

Prayer in public schools is a hot topic outlawed by Supreme Court.

Posted on August 14, 2020 by

Categories: Philosophical

Tags: ,

Teacher-led prayer in public schools has been forbidden by the Supreme Court for many decades.  Many Christians feel that the exclusion of God from public schools along with the promotion of secular ideologies has contributed to the failure of graduates to do better in life.  Certainly, this is a difficult topic in multicultural American schools and uneasy accommodation has been determined through multiple legal challenges in federal courts. To be clear, students and teachers still have the right to “voluntarily pray” in public schools, while “mandatory” teacher-led school-sponsored prayer is very limited.  Any mention of God by teachers or administration… Read More »

The French Revolution

The Bastille was a French prison housing political prisoners. These prisoners were released from Bastille by a rioting population starting the French Revolution.

Posted on July 29, 2020 by

Categories: Historical Evidence, Philosophical


The French Revolution provides an important illustration of a revolution gone wrong.  Its temporal association with the American Revolution invites a comparison between the two.  Both were in civilized countries with advanced concepts of social justice founded in concepts of equality and the rights of the common man. By any objective measure, the French Revolution went terribly wrong.  It led to the death of hundreds of thousands of innocent French citizens even though it started attempting to provide a more just society.  The carnage wrought by the Revolution did not stop in France but spread throughout Europe when Napoleon became… Read More »

Made For Life

The speed of light is now known not to change over space or time.

The universe seems to be made for life; it seems like the universe was made in such a way as to promote the existence of intelligent life.  The question that has plagued cosmologists for decades is how this extraordinary fine-tuning came into existence.  An analogy might help in understanding this problem. Your New Office Suppose you have just landed your first desk job.  It is your ideal position, one you have applied for many years ago but only now secured.  You can’t wait to get to work! You check in to human resources, get the key to your office, and… Read More »

How Did Life Go Live

Posted on May 31, 2020 by

Categories: Biology, Intelligent Design, Philosophical, Science

Tags: ,

How Did Life Go Live The question, “How Did Life Go Live” has led many scientists, theologians, and laypersons to different conclusions.  Antony Flew came to the conclusion that God must exist in order for life to exist. Antony Flew was one of the world’s leading atheists, frequently engaging theists in intense debates concerning the existence of God. Then during the beginning of one such debate in 2004, Flew amazed the viewing public by announcing he now believed in God. This was a revelation of monumental proportions.  Flew indicated he would always follow where the evidence leads and felt with… Read More »