"Fine Tuning" Article Items

Fine tuning suggests that there is fantastic detail in the physical parameters which make up the physics of the universe.

The Multiverse

The Andromeda Galaxy distance can be measured with Cepheid variables among other means. This is one of the few galaxies that is actually moving toward the Milky Way galaxy.

Posted on December 26, 2019 by

Categories: Cosmology, Science

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The multiverse has been proposed as a means for getting around the statistical impossibility of forming the universe by chance. A statistical impossibility is frequently taken as being any event that has less than one chance in 10^200. This number is chosen as the maximum number of events that could transpire since the universe began. This is derived as the number of cubic Planck lengths in the observable universe (3.6E+132) times Planck times since the universe began (2.4E+62) calculated from terms given here. Since this number is easily exceeded by the chance of several finely tuned physics constants to be… Read More »

Earth was Created

Posted on December 19, 2019 by

Categories: Cosmology, Science

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The Earth was Created for Exploration The history of scientific exploration involves the interpretation of scientific data. Our knowledge of the Earth, the Sun, the solar system, our galaxy, and the universe itself depends on our ability to explore.  The Earth was created to be in the proper place to enable exploration of the cosmos. We need to be able to measure, compare, and calculate in order to understand the cosmos. Understanding the cosmos requires measurement and observation of what is out there. Without certain conditions on our planet our planetary environment, such observation would be impossible. Scientific exploration could… Read More »

Speed of Light

The speed of light is now known not to change over space or time.

Posted on December 11, 2019 by

Categories: Cosmology, Science

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The speed of light is constant; it does not slow down over time, or even over great distances. The light from astronomical objects that are very far away does not slow down. The speed of light turns up in many equations of physics. Probably the most famous of these equations is Einstein’s famous E = MC2. This means matter and energy are inter-related through the speed of light constant. The ultimate speed in space is infinite – or so thought scientists for many years. It was thought the stars never moved but remained in their same positions forever. They were… Read More »

The Cambrian Explosion

The Cambrian Explosion produced fundamentally different new organisms with new cellular structure, anatomy, type of cell, among others. This "explosion" has not happened again.

Posted on December 7, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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  The Earth was without diverse animal life for about four billion years until the Cambrian Explosion occurred. In almost a moment in geological time, complex life exploded upon the Earth. It was during this time that first life did appear including simple bacterial one-celled organisms and a few more complex multicellular species all not large enough to leave a visible fossil record. The Cambrian explosion happened about 543 million years ago. All of the animal phyla either evolved or first appears at this time. No matter where we look on Earth, there is no skeleton fossil records older than… Read More »

The Moon

The Moon is very important for advanced life on Earth. It influences the tides, Earth's climate, and Earth's tilt.

Posted on December 6, 2019 by

Categories: Geology, Science

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The Moon is one of the most beautiful astronomical objects in the sky. A full moon casts shadows and is the inspiration for many musical pieces (Moonlight Sonata by Beethoven). Without the Moon, the existence of life on Earth would be much more difficult. Animal life might never have developed without the Moon. The Moon has acted to stabilize the Earth and to make it a much more friendly environment for life over the past several billion years. Characteristics of the Moon We take our Moon for granted. It has been in the sky for multiple billions of years but… Read More »

Plate Tectonics

Volcanoes are important in the recycling of carbon dioxide and is associated with plate tectonics.

Posted on December 5, 2019 by

Categories: Geology, Science

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Plate tectonics turn out to be extremely important for a planet to have intelligent life. One of the greatest advances in astronomy has been made in the last few years. This discover is the presence of thousands of planets orbiting nearby stars. Naturalists have used this discovery to imply there must be numerous Earth-like life-promoting planets nearby. If Earth-like planets are plentiful, it is likely many of them also have life. Some of this life might include intelligent life right at our backdoor. The idea of nearby intelligent life is promoted by popular science fiction stories such as Star Trek…. Read More »

Origin of Functional Proteins

The origin of functional proteins is difficult to understand using only chance.

Posted on December 3, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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The origin of functional proteins is a hot topic among the origin of life specialists. There are many speculations as to how functional proteins came to but none has provided much success so far. Amino acids link together in a chain called a “polypeptide” in a certain order. All amino acids in life proteins are made of the left-handed variety of proteins. The way in which only left-handed amino acids were included in life proteins is also under intense investigation. All amino acids except for the most simple variety, glycine, come in two basic varieties – a right-handed and a… Read More »

Intelligent Design

Intelligent design uses the scientific method and specific algorithms to determine whether complexity and information allow the inference of intelligent origins.

Posted on November 29, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Intelligent Design, Science

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Intelligent design or ID has been in the news recently where it is usually criticized for various reasons. Intelligent design can be described as studying patterns in nature that are best described as created by intelligence. For example, are the words in a book more likely created by intelligence or by accident. Another example would be whether Mount Rushmore is the result of natural wind and erosion or intelligence. The answers to these questions seem easy – and it is. We all know intuitively that complicated structures that contain information are more likely created by intelligence. We also understand that… Read More »

Why Does the Sun Shine

The Sun

Posted on November 27, 2019 by

Categories: Cosmology, Science

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Astronomers have pondered the question ‘why does the Sun shine” for centuries.  Recent discoveries in nuclear physics have finally provided answers to this question. It turns out that the Sun’s radiant energy is explained by our current understanding of nuclear physics.  This understanding is explained further below. How Stars Like the Sun are Formed The space between stars is mostly very empty with a density about one atom per cubic centimeter.   There are interstellar clouds of matter swirling in space which possess a much greater density.  These clouds are in a balance between expansion and collapse. As the interstellar cloud… Read More »

Pale Blue Dot

Pale Blue Dot

Posted on November 16, 2019 by

Categories: Cosmology, Science

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The pale blue dot image suggests the lack of importance of the Earth in the cosmos.  Secular sources frequently declare the Earth as an ordinary rock surrounding an ordinary Sun, in an ordinary place in the Universe. The late astronomer Carl Sagan was one such source, who claimed that the Earth is insignificant in the cosmic expressing of things – it is just a grain of sand in the immense seashore of the cosmos. Voyager 1, one of the earlier satellites launched into space, took a picture of the Earth in 1990 when it was about four billion miles away…. Read More »