"Biology" Article Items

Biology provides some of the strongest affirmations of Christianity. Despite our best molecular biology laboratories, no simple bacteria has been made from shelf chemicals, the origin of life is still a mystery to science, the complexity of even the simplest cell is astounding, and where the information in a DNA molecule originated is an absolute mystery.

Spontaneous Generation

Biologist have known for decades that life cannot come for non-life.

Posted on May 19, 2020 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Spontaneous generation is the belief that life can spring from dead material.  Belief in the spontaneous generation of life has been shared by many civilizations for thousands of years and took centuries to disprove.  It seems to be a common observational event that dead organic material can spontaneously sprout living things, like maggots and bacteria. Aristotle popularized the concept as noted in his fourth century BC work, History of Animals, With animals, some spring from parent animals according to their kind, whilst others grow spontaneously and not from kindred stock; and of these instances of spontaneous generation some come from putrefying… Read More »

Molecular Biology Confirms Intelligent Design

Molecular biology confirms intelligent design. Increasing complexity of life strongly suggests an intelligence.

Posted on December 15, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Intelligent Design, Philosophical, Science

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The increasing complexity of life discovered by molecular biology confirms intelligent design theory. Molecular biology came of age in the 1990s with the development of new investigation tools. These tools for the first time in human history allowed the investigation of the inner workings of cells.  Advances in molecular biology confirm intelligent design theories rather than natural origins. It has been the hope of research scientists and their funding agencies that these new tools will enable new advances. The informed treatment of cancer and other genetic diseases becomes possible. The past thirty years has seen an explosion of knowledge about… Read More »

Chemical Pathways

The chemical pathways for the production of DNA, RNA, proteins, and other life molecules is unknown.

Posted on December 8, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Chemical pathways are the way a cell changes one chemical compound to another. Many times, these chemical pathways produce intermediate chemicals on the way to producing the final product. All life needs to take in nutrients from the environment in order to continue living. This might be everything from simple nutrients to eating another creature. The common problem with the digestion of nutrients is the chemistry involved. When a nutrient is ingested, often it has to be broken down into simpler nutrients which subsequently need to be reassembled into new tissue or used for energy. All of these processes take… Read More »

The Cambrian Explosion

The Cambrian Explosion produced fundamentally different new organisms with new cellular structure, anatomy, type of cell, among others. This "explosion" has not happened again.

Posted on December 7, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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  The Earth was without diverse animal life for about four billion years until the Cambrian Explosion occurred. In almost a moment in geological time, complex life exploded upon the Earth. It was during this time that first life did appear including simple bacterial one-celled organisms and a few more complex multicellular species all not large enough to leave a visible fossil record. The Cambrian explosion happened about 543 million years ago. All of the animal phyla either evolved or first appears at this time. No matter where we look on Earth, there is no skeleton fossil records older than… Read More »

Prebiotic Soup

The prebiotic soup is thought to have come from comets and meteors over millions of years.

Posted on December 4, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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The prebiotic soup is the mixture of chemicals in the ancient Earth which produced the first life. It is commonly known throughout our culture, so much so that it was a theme of a Star Trek episode. In this episode, Captain Picard is taken back to ancient Earth to witness the prebiotic soup from which all life came. Generations of high school students have been taught the prebiotic soup is the organic chemical mixture of common chemical. Energy in the form of light and heat produce chemical reactions in the soup that with enough time produced the earliest life form…. Read More »

Origin of Functional Proteins

The origin of functional proteins is difficult to understand using only chance.

Posted on December 3, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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The origin of functional proteins is a hot topic among the origin of life specialists. There are many speculations as to how functional proteins came to but none has provided much success so far. Amino acids link together in a chain called a “polypeptide” in a certain order. All amino acids in life proteins are made of the left-handed variety of proteins. The way in which only left-handed amino acids were included in life proteins is also under intense investigation. All amino acids except for the most simple variety, glycine, come in two basic varieties – a right-handed and a… Read More »

Origin of Life with Cell Membranes

The origin of life with cell membranes is very difficult to envision. They are very difficult to make, maintain, and then figure how to replicate.

Posted on December 2, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Origin of life with cell membranes occurred very early in life formation. Membranes mark the boundary between the cell and its environment. They are in bacterial cells to human cells, and are everywhere in nature. The cell membrane separates what is inside the cell such as the nucleus, ribosomes, and chemistry from the outside world. Membranes are also very important in keeping harmful chemicals from the cell. They are also important in bringing in certain chemicals and nutrients into the cell. Without these cell membranes, advanced life would be impossible Membrane Structure Cell membranes are more than just a simple… Read More »

Origin of Life Molecules

Origin of life molecules can not be explained using natural science.

Posted on December 1, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Origin of life molecules are those molecules that are required for even the simplest life.  They may form part of the structure of proteins (such as amino acids), or of DNA or RNA (such as the sugar ribose). The start of these origin of life molecules has never been explained. These molecules are formed in too low concentrations or not formed at all in natural conditions. Some origin of life molecules needs to be entirely of either the right or left-handed variety. One of the factors needed to make the molecular machinery work correctly is the right kind of molecules… Read More »

Intelligent Design

Intelligent design uses the scientific method and specific algorithms to determine whether complexity and information allow the inference of intelligent origins.

Posted on November 29, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Intelligent Design, Science

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Intelligent design or ID has been in the news recently where it is usually criticized for various reasons. Intelligent design can be described as studying patterns in nature that are best described as created by intelligence. For example, are the words in a book more likely created by intelligence or by accident. Another example would be whether Mount Rushmore is the result of natural wind and erosion or intelligence. The answers to these questions seem easy – and it is. We all know intuitively that complicated structures that contain information are more likely created by intelligence. We also understand that… Read More »

Bad Design Features

design

Posted on June 2, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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The late Stephen Gould presented examples of what he considered “bad design” as an argument against a creator.  The best-known example was that of the panda’s thumb which he described as being clumsy.  The other example of allegedly poor design is the human retina which seems to be inverted with the light sensing cells behind a membrane. The crux of Gould’s argument concerning the “thumb” of a panda is that it is not optimally designed for its purpose.  Apparently, the panda uses its thumb to strip the bark off of bamboo shoots, and in this respect, the thumb is poorly… Read More »