"Origin of Life" Article Items

Cellular Factories

The chemical pathways for the production of DNA, RNA, proteins, and other life molecules is unknown.

Posted on November 8, 2020 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Cellular Factories The cell can be likened to a factory where components required for cellular functions are continually made on-demand, and waste products are simultaneously packaged for disposal.  It is a very tightly controlled factory with very little wasted activity. Enzymes control much of this functionality, with multiple feedback loops controlling whether a particular cellular product is needed. It is very complicated.  It is rather like a fractal painting – the closer you look, the more detail you see – the most complicated everything becomes. This complexity is often not appreciated by the general public – and even by some… Read More »

Zircon Crystals

The early Earth was bombarded by a series of asteroids which periodically liquefied the rocks on Earth.

Posted on October 16, 2020 by

Categories: Archaeology, Historical


Zircon Crystals and Earth’s Age Zircon crystals are thought to represent some of the oldest surviving materials on earth.  The ancient earth was a very inhospitable places imaginable with soaring heat due to the constant bombardment of our planet by asteroids and comets.  The surface was molten rock, constantly heated by these collisions releasing huge amounts of heat which quickly melted any solidifying rock. Zircon crystals are some of the toughest materials on the planet.  Scientists have located some of these crystals in ancient rock sprouting from the ground in the Jack Hills range located in Western Australia.    These… Read More »


The Earth seems to have been designed for exploration of the cosmos with its clear atmosphere, position in the solar system and universe, and clear nights.

Posted on October 8, 2020 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Information and Life All life on earth is made from organic molecules. An organic compound is any chemical compound containing carbon-hydrogen bonds.  The propensity for carbon to form chains and complex structures means there are millions of organic molecules possible. Only a minuscule portion of the possible organic molecules possible are used in all life; these are referred to a life organic molecules.  Examples of these would be glucose or simple sugar, and proteins which are chains of other organic molecules called amino acids. Biology textbooks frequently suggest that given enough time under the right condition, the right organic molecules… Read More »

How Did Life Go Live

Posted on May 31, 2020 by

Categories: Biology, Intelligent Design, Philosophical, Science

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How Did Life Go Live The question, “How Did Life Go Live” has led many scientists, theologians, and laypersons to different conclusions.  Antony Flew came to the conclusion that God must exist in order for life to exist. Antony Flew was one of the world’s leading atheists, frequently engaging theists in intense debates concerning the existence of God. Then during the beginning of one such debate in 2004, Flew amazed the viewing public by announcing he now believed in God. This was a revelation of monumental proportions.  Flew indicated he would always follow where the evidence leads and felt with… Read More »

The Laws of Nature

The Laws of Nature are orderly, often in higher mathematics, and beautiful.

The Laws of Nature as defined by Antony Flew represent the great order of the universe.  That there should be such order from a universe that originated from the Big Bang defies explanation and is one of the reasons why the atheist philosopher who fought for most of his life for atheism came to belief in God. Antony Flew was a British philosopher who was a popular atheist philosopher throughout most of the twentieth century.  In that capacity, he taught philosophy at some of the best-known colleges in the United Kingdom including Oxford, Aberdeen, and York University in Toronto. Flew… Read More »

Spontaneous Generation

Biologist have known for decades that life cannot come for non-life.

Posted on May 19, 2020 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Spontaneous generation is the belief that life can spring from dead material.  Belief in the spontaneous generation of life has been shared by many civilizations for thousands of years and took centuries to disprove.  It seems to be a common observational event that dead organic material can spontaneously sprout living things, like maggots and bacteria. Aristotle popularized the concept as noted in his fourth century BC work, History of Animals, With animals, some spring from parent animals according to their kind, whilst others grow spontaneously and not from kindred stock; and of these instances of spontaneous generation some come from putrefying… Read More »

Chemical Pathways

The chemical pathways for the production of DNA, RNA, proteins, and other life molecules is unknown.

Posted on December 8, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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Chemical pathways are the way a cell changes one chemical compound to another. Many times, these chemical pathways produce intermediate chemicals on the way to producing the final product. All life needs to take in nutrients from the environment in order to continue living. This might be everything from simple nutrients to eating another creature. The common problem with the digestion of nutrients is the chemistry involved. When a nutrient is ingested, often it has to be broken down into simpler nutrients which subsequently need to be reassembled into new tissue or used for energy. All of these processes take… Read More »

The Cambrian Explosion

The Cambrian Explosion produced fundamentally different new organisms with new cellular structure, anatomy, type of cell, among others. This "explosion" has not happened again.

Posted on December 7, 2019 by

Categories: Biology, Science

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  The Earth was without diverse animal life for about four billion years until the Cambrian Explosion occurred. In almost a moment in geological time, complex life exploded upon the Earth. It was during this time that first life did appear including simple bacterial one-celled organisms and a few more complex multicellular species all not large enough to leave a visible fossil record. The Cambrian explosion happened about 543 million years ago. All of the animal phyla either evolved or first appears at this time. No matter where we look on Earth, there is no skeleton fossil records older than… Read More »

The Moon

The Moon is very important for advanced life on Earth. It influences the tides, Earth's climate, and Earth's tilt.

Posted on December 6, 2019 by

Categories: Geology, Science

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The Moon is one of the most beautiful astronomical objects in the sky. A full moon casts shadows and is the inspiration for many musical pieces (Moonlight Sonata by Beethoven). Without the Moon, the existence of life on Earth would be much more difficult. Animal life might never have developed without the Moon. The Moon has acted to stabilize the Earth and to make it a much more friendly environment for life over the past several billion years. Characteristics of the Moon We take our Moon for granted. It has been in the sky for multiple billions of years but… Read More »

Plate Tectonics

Volcanoes are important in the recycling of carbon dioxide and is associated with plate tectonics.

Posted on December 5, 2019 by

Categories: Geology, Science

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Plate tectonics turn out to be extremely important for a planet to have intelligent life. One of the greatest advances in astronomy has been made in the last few years. This discover is the presence of thousands of planets orbiting nearby stars. Naturalists have used this discovery to imply there must be numerous Earth-like life-promoting planets nearby. If Earth-like planets are plentiful, it is likely many of them also have life. Some of this life might include intelligent life right at our backdoor. The idea of nearby intelligent life is promoted by popular science fiction stories such as Star Trek…. Read More »